The Harvey  B. Gantt Center for African-American Arts + Culture


Rituals of Commemoration 2014-ongoing

The genesis of this commemoration project was ignited when police in Ferguson, Missouri, killed Michael Brown in August of 2014. Rituals of Commemoration is a project that serves as a space holder, a memory legacy that will ensure that the names of victims of police brutality are not forgotten, giving the lives lost dignity and respect by creating a physical space of remembrance and a symbolic acknowledgement of a difficult present.


According to the Washington’s Post data collection, as of June 30, 2020, 5,437 people have been shot and killed by police in 2020, 1, 298 of them are Black men, women, and youth.

I have recorded the names of over 1,293 lives lost from 1979 to December 2019, both black men and to a lesser degree black women and youth. Rather than taking a “this too will pass” attitude, this project focuses on documenting Black men, women and youth killed by police or security guards since 1979 across the United States.

The current iteration of this project includes about 500 plus Pavestone, bricks, each measure 4 x 8 x 2.25 inches. Each brick is painted and individualized by inscribing and recording the name and year of each deceased person. The bricks are made of durable dry-cast concrete, a readily available, non-precious material. They are stacked reminiscent of a wall or column formations. In some iterations, the installation includes a wallpapered background with a similar brick design and Power Point projection with photographs, names, date killed, facts about the atrocity and the human being killed.

The online research resources include national databases, newspaper articles, writings by scholars, museum archives and a Washington Post’s data investigation which relies primarily on news accounts, social media postings and police reports.

I balance the research with the process of spray-painting and distressing each brick after centering the names and aligning each letter. I have selected the colors Reddish Brown, Burnt Umber, Chocolate, Indian red, Carmine, and Black. There is a lot of layering and drying time in addition to the final glaze. The process is ritualistic, repetitive, numbing; it helps me cope with the overwhelming number of instances of tragedy and horrific violence.


With this project, I am interested in creating work that is relevant to conversations nationwide about the systematic racism that promotes inequality, poverty and a school to prison pipeline, the role of the police and ongoing military intervention abroad. It is an invitation for viewers to participate in a project that features reflection, social interaction, objects, and action.  

​This project is grounded in past work, which is rooted in social issues, particularly the intersectionality of my identity as a woman, immigrant, and industrial worker. 

My fundamental unwavering belief in justice fuels this desire to use these markers as permanent tombstones meaningfully marking lives lost. I believe this is an act of disruption that will provoke conversation, hold memory, and interrogate our own unconscious biases.

rosa naday garmendia

creativity / activism / social change

 © 2005 by Rosa Naday Garmendia. Proudly created with

  • Grey Facebook Icon
  • Grey Instagram Icon
  • Grey Vimeo Icon